A strain is an injury to a muscle and/or tendon. Tendons are fibrous cords of tissue
that attach muscles to bone. Strains often occur in the back or leg (typically, the
Similar to a sprain, a strain may be a simple stretch of your muscle or tendon, or it
may involve a partial or complete tear of the muscle and tendon. Symptoms of a
strain may include pain, muscle spasm, muscle weakness, swelling, inflammation,
Swelling in the ankles, feet and legs is often caused by a build-up of fluid in these areas, called oedema.
Oedema is usually caused by:
standing or sitting in the same position for too long
eating too much salty food
taking certain medicines – such as some blood pressure medicines, contraceptive pills, antidepressants or steroids
Oedema can also be caused by:
an injury – such as a Sprains and strains
an insect bite or sting
problems with your kidneys, liver or heart
a blood clot
The term distortion indicates a trauma to the joints, typically due to improper movements that cause momentary escape of the joint from its seat bone and its immediate return. Most often affected areas include the ankle, finger and knee joints. In some cases, it can result in stretching or tearing of ligaments, which are the tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in the joints. When a ligament/tendon is damaged, internal bleeding and swelling will present itself around the injury. In severe cases, the ligament may be torn completely and bones may be fractured.
Muscular strength relates to your ability to move and lift objects. It’s measured by how much force you can exert and how much weight you can lift for a short period of time.
Examples of exercises that develop muscular strength and power include resistance training, such as weightlifting, bodyweight exercises, and resistance band exercises. Running, cycling, and climbing hills are also options.
Progressive muscle relaxation is a method that helps relieve that tension. In progressive muscle relaxation, you tense a group of muscles as you breathe in, and you relax them as you breathe out. You work on your muscle groups in a certain order. When your body is physically relaxed, you cannot feel anxious.
Arthritis is a disease that affects the joints connecting the bones. It can manifest in both acute and chronic forms and is associated with inflammation of the joints. The patients with arthritis experience pain, stiffness, and discomfort during mobility. Arthritis has two major forms: osteoarthritis that occurs when the cartilages between joints are damaged; and rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease that occurs when body’s immune system affects its own joints.
Physiotherapy (PT) is a type of healthcare profession, which focuses on establishing the mobility and functioning of affected body parts by applying various techniques such as manual therapy, hydrotherapy, and electrotherapy along with patient advice and counseling.
Musculoskeletal pain is often caused by an injury to the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments or nerves. This can be caused by jerking movements, car accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations and direct blows to the muscle.
The therapist will focus on the bodies’ main structures of bone, muscle, ligaments and tendons along with the connected systems of the heart, circulation and lungs. Treatment is tailored to the individual based on their initial assessment. Exercise plans and advice are routinely given following treatment and the number of treatments will vary depending on the patient’s progress in recovery.
Inflammation is the body’s natural healing process which produces swelling and heat lasting for up to several weeks. This swelling and heat can cause reduced range of movement and pain. Physiotherapy can assist with these symptoms through their experience and enhanced therapy skills. Swelling and inflammation are symptoms of an injury or infection and could benefit from a professional assessment.
Soft Tissue Healing
Soft tissue healing is defined as the replacement of destroyed tissue by living tissue in the body. This process consists of two parts - regeneration and repair. Note - There are no defined boundaries between stages as the wound healing response “transitions” into the next stage of healing.
After an injury, soft tissue structures in the body undergo a natural healing process through specific phases of healing.
Neurological Rehabilitation treatment aims to:
The timeline for healing depends on: the individual; the extent of the injury; age; overall health status.
Physiotherapy helps facilitate healthier healing - resulting in a smaller risk of re-injury, chronic pain and dysfunction.
One of the main risks of future injury is how the soft tissue was rehabilitated or recovered, from previous injury/ surgery.
Neurological Rehabilitation is a large area of treatment that involves many different aspects. The rehabilitation process depends on the individual so there are various approaches that can be used. There are some direct treatments as well as education and training for the patient and any careers involved. Equipment is sometimes needed and this can be used during treatment or ordered specifically for the patient.
Neurological Rehabilitation treatment aims to:
Slow down the physical deterioration
Help children with disabilities achieve developmental milestones
Bell’s Palsy Treatment
Bell's palsy, also known as acute peripheral facial palsy of unknown cause, can occur at any age. The exact cause is unknown. It's believed to be the result of swelling and inflammation of the nerve that controls the muscles on one side of your face. Or it might be a reaction that occurs after a viral infection.
The symptoms of Bell's palsy include sudden weakness in your facial muscles. In most cases, the weakness is temporary and significantly improves over weeks. The weakness makes half of your face appear to droop. Your smile is one-sided, and your eye on that side resists closing.
Lactic Acid Accumulation
Lactic acidosis is a form of metabolic acidosis that begins when a person overproduces or underutilizes lactic acid, and their body is not able to adjust to these changes.
People with lactic acidosis have problems with their liver Trusted Source (and sometimes their kidneys) being able to remove excess acid from their body. If lactic acid builds up in the body more quickly than it can be removed, acidity levels in bodily fluids — such as blood — spike.